Friday, 20 February 2015

How to search in entire solr fields for a query?

How to search in entire solr fields?

We have many levels of configurations for Solr, which makes Solr a rich search tool. Usually we do search the Solr with respect to a specific field which is defined in schema.xml. But there are cases we need to search across multiple fields. Let us see how it can be achieved.

There are two ways to do this.

1. Using DisMax: Usually Solr comes with dismax plugin. So in query, we just need to pass all fields in qf field as shown below.

/select?defType=dismax&q="query1","query2","query3"&qf=field1 field2 field3

In above case we are searching 3 terms query1,query2,query3 (added in inverted commas to ensure words with space fetch matching results)
field1,2,3 are the fields in schema.xml to be searched.

2. Another way is collecting all data to same field by copying through schema.xml

We need to have below lines in schema files,

<field name="datacollection" type="text_general" indexed="true" stored="false" multiValued="true"/>

Then copy the contents of required fields to the new field

<copyField source="field1" dest="datacollection"/>
<copyField source="field2" dest="datacollection"/>
<copyField source="field3" dest="datacollection"/>

Then query in default field datacollection.

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